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Open Access Research

Hospital costs associated with surgical morbidity after elective colorectal procedures: a retrospective observational cohort study in 530 patients

Evita Zoucas* and Marie-Louise Lydrup

Author Affiliations

Department of Surgery, Skåne University Hospital, Lund/Malmö, Sweden

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Patient Safety in Surgery 2014, 8:2  doi:10.1186/1754-9493-8-2

Published: 3 January 2014

Abstract

Background

Postoperative complications contribute to morbidity and mortality. This study assessed the impact of surgical complications on healthcare resource utilization for patients undergoing elective colorectal procedures.

Method

Data were obtained on 530 consecutive colorectal operations performed from January 2010 to January 2011. Patient demographics, type of procedure, surgical complications classified as Clavien 1–5, length of stay, 60-day readmission rate, and hospital costs were recorded.

Results

Seventy-five percent of the operations were associated with malignancy, and 26% were pelvic procedures. Thirty-five percent of the patients developed at least one complication, 21% of the complications did not require intervention. The readmission rate was 7.4%. Nine patients died during 60-day post discharge follow up.Median length of stay was 9 (3–34) days in uncomplicated and 16 (4–205) days in complicated cases. Occurrence of any complication at index admission increased total hospital costs 2.1-fold (EUR 25,680 vs. EUR 12,405), with the largest cost differential attributed to wound dehiscence and/or suture line failure requiring reoperation. These increases were primarily due to prolonged hospitalization and ICU expenditures. Readmission resulted in a further increase to an average cost of EUR 12,585 per re-admitted patient.Multivariate analysis showed that BMI > 25, obesity, operation complexity and surgeon significantly affected the risk for complication. Also, hospital costs were significantly increased by any postoperative complications, reoperations, high complexity of surgical procedures and high comorbidity index.

Conclusions

Reducing morbidity after colorectal procedures improves quality of care and patient safety, and may also substantially reduce hospital costs and increase the efficiency of resource utilization.

Keywords:
Elective colorectal procedures; Outcomes; Costs